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“Vanitas” Still Life with Bouquet and Skull-Adriaen van Utrecht, 1642

Vanitas es un término latino, que puede traducirse por vanidad y designa una categoría particular del bodegón de alto valor simbólico, un género muy practicado en el barroco, particularmente en Holanda, el cual representa la futilidad de la existencia terrena y la banalidad de los placeres mundanos ante la inminencia de la muerte

Su título y su concepción se relacionan con un pasaje del Eclesiastés: Vanitas vanitatum omnia vanitas (vanidad de vanidades, todo es vanidad).

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In the arts, vanitas is a type of symbolic work of art especially associated with Northern European still life painting in Flanders and the Netherlands in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, though also common in other places and periods. The word is Latin, meaning “emptiness” and loosely translated corresponds to the meaninglessness of earthly life and the transient nature of vanity. Ecclesiastes 1:2 from the Bible is often quoted in conjunction with this term. The Vulgate (Latin translation of the Bible) renders the verse as Vanitas vanitatum omnia vanitas. The verse is translated as Vanity of vanities; all is vanity